What are the JSP implicit objects ?


The Objects available in any without any need for explicit declarations are implicit Objects. All of these objects have atleast page page level scope.

pageContext:The context for the JSP page. Provides access to various objects including:
servletContext: The context for the JSP page’s servlet and any web components contained in the same application. See Accessing the Web Context.
session: The session object for the client. See Maintaining Client State.
request: The request triggering the execution of the JSP page. See Getting Information from Requests.
response: The response returned by the JSP page. See Constructing Responses.

Apart from the above objects some more functionality is provided by following objects

param: Maps a request parameter name to a single value
paramValues: Maps a request parameter name to an array of values
header: Maps a request header name to a single value
headerValues: Maps a request header name to an array of values
cookie: Maps a cookie name to a single cookie
initParam: Maps a context initialization parameter name to a single value
Finally, there are objects that allow access to the various scoped variables described in Using Scope Objects.

pageScope: Maps page-scoped variable names to their values
requestScope: Maps request-scoped variable names to their values
sessionScope: Maps session-scoped variable names to their values
applicationScope: Maps application-scoped variable names to their values
When an expression references one of these objects by name, the appropriate object is returned instead of the corresponding attribute. For example, ${pageContext} returns the PageContext object, even if there is an existing pageContext attribute containing some other value.

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